IVF - In Vitro Fertilization
IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is the gold standard of fertility medicine and the most effective fertility treatment available offering the highest success rates per cycle of any Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).
IVF Treatment Process
In Vitro Fertilization has hundreds of steps, but can be drastically simplified down to just a few.
Medications are taken to improve number and quality of eggs.
Retrieval & Collection
Eggs and Sperm are retrieved and collected.
Eggs are Fertilized and developed inside our embryology laboratory.
Embryo(s) are transfered into a woman’s uterus.
Implantation & Pregnancy support
Continue Below For Detailed Explanation of Main Steps
IVF Process: Step 1
- During ovarian stimulation, most women take hormone-based medications that encourage the ovaries to develop multiple follicles, each of which contains an egg. The simple idea here is more follicles = more eggs = more embryos = higher chance of implantation and a live birth. In fact, many IVF cycles will result in a handful of embryos that can be frozen and stored for future use (in case the first transfer is unsuccessful or for use after a successful pregnancy).
Ovarian stimulation typically begins on days 2-4 of a woman’s cycle after a baseline appointment to designate your uterine lining, follicular, and hormonal baseline. Stimulation usually involves taking daily injectable medications for around ten days and will be followed closely with monitoring appointments every few days to track uterine lining, follicular, and hormonal development.
Once the egg-containing follicles reach the appropriate size, a final “trigger” medication will be used to promote the final maturation of the eggs.More on Monitoring
Egg development takes 90 days. IVF only targets the final developmental phase of egg production taking place in the final 10-14 days. Make sure you’re doing the most to improve the quality of your eggs (and sperm . . . they’re half the battle) for that full 90 days. Egg and sperm quality is one of the major factors impacting IVF success and one of the major things you CAN CHANGE.
IVF Process: Step 3
The Laboratory - Fertilization
It takes about 4-6 hours after the retrieval for the eggs to reach final maturity. At this point, the eggs and sperm will be ready for fertilization. There are generally two methods of fertilization.
Conventional IVF Fertilization
Self-employed penetration of the egg by sperm inside a petri dish.
ICSI - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
Individually injected eggs with a micro manipulator and hollow needle.
The Laboratory - Embryo Development
After fertilization, the embryos are grown in nourishing media that mimics the internal environment of a fallopian tube (where early embryonic development naturally occurs) for 3-5 day or until the embryo reaches a cleavage or blastocyst stage.
If an embryo is grown to a blastocyst stage, it can then be genetically tested. While this may be beneficial for some, it is not recommended for everyone.
Establishing and Maintaining Pregnancy
Post Transfer Considerations
Following an embryo transfer, most women will likely take progesterone along with other medications to thicken the uterine lining to help the embryo implant and receive the nourishment it needs to flourish.
About two weeks after transfer, a blood test will be performed to determine if the pregnancy has taken.
If the pregnancy test is positive, an ultrasound will be scheduled two weeks later to determine the implantation site and often detects a heartbeat. The heartbeat should be seen by four weeks after a positive pregnancy test. Once a heartbeat is detected, there is a 90-95% probability that the pregnancy will continue to a live birth.
Risks of In Vitro Fertilization
In Vitro Fertilization, like most medical procedures come with some risk. That said, most risks that come with the treatment are minimal and can be greatly avoided with proper care by your fertility care team. There are however two risks that everyone should be made especially aware of – but even these can be all but eliminated given proper treatment.
The hormone medications (FSH + hCG and or Lupron) given to stimulate the ovaries in the attempt to produce an abnormally high number of eggs during IVF leads to a risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OVHSS). OVHSS is painful and can causes nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and in especially serious cases, hospitalization, organ failure, or worse. The risk is significantly more apparent in specific demographics (young women or those with high AMHs as well as those with PCSO). However, this risk of OVHSS can be substantially reduced with careful monitoring, appropriate protocol dosing, and the use of Lupron (instead of hCG) to trigger. With the close attention given by CNY Fertility providers to the various risk factors, OVHSS can be avoided in most instances.
The risk that IVF results in a multiple gestation pregnancy and birth can rise from 1 to upwards of 30% when transferring multiple embryos. Multiples results in an exponentially greater risk for a number of serious insidences like cerebral palsy, excessive bleeding during delivery, premature birth (and associated cognitive issues) and infant mortality. Fortunately, this risk can be virtually elimintated by transferring one embryo at a time. Transferring one embryo at a time may lower the odds of the first transfer working very slightly, but has no effect on the odds of a live birth resulting from the IVF cycle itself (by using Frozen embryo transfers form the same IVF stimulation).
- Retrieval + Anesthesia
- ICSI + Assisted Hatching
- Fresh Transfer
- Cryopreservation + 1 yr storage
Sample Payment Calculator
In Vitro Fertilization $3900 National Average. $12000 + Remote Cycle Management $800 National Average. $1500 + + Frozen Transfer $650 National Average. $4000 + Third Party $4000 + Genetic Testing $400 National Average. $4500 + Paid to genetics lab, non-financiable. $4500 + IVF FET $ National Average. $ + Paid to genetics lab, non-financiable. $ + Medication Estimate $ National Average. $4000 + Third Party $3000 + Donor eggs $1000 National Average. $4000 + Third Party $4000 + Donor sperm $ National Average. $750 + Donor Sperm: Prices vary, paid directly to sperm bank. $750 + Donor Package $ National Average. $ + Third Party $ + Gestational Surrogacy $ National Average. $100000 + Surrogacy: Prices vary, paid directly to agency. $100000
- 5% Military & Vet Discount$-
- Financing Fee$250
- Total to CNY$-Estimated 3rd Party Costs$-Grand Total$-National Average:$-
- Down Payment to CNY$-
- Monthly Payment to CNY$-
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Self pay pricing. The above calculation is for simulation purposes only.