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Fertility Treatments

IVF - In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the gold standard of fertility medicine and the most effective fertility treatment available. IVF treatment offers the highest success rates and quickest time to pregnancy of any Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).

How IVF Works to Overcome Fertility Issues Tubal Abnormalities Uterine Lining Egg Quality Ovulation Sperm Quality Immune System & Inflammation
ICSI ICSI
MINI IVF MINI IVF
NATURAL IVF NATURAL IVF
FET FET
ESET ESET
INVOCELL INVOCELL
CONVENTIONAL IVF CONVENTIONAL IVF
Reciprocal IVF Reciprocal IVF

ICSI

A special fertilization technique whereby sperm are loaded into a micro needle and injected directly into the egg.

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MINI IVF

IVF treatment with a reduced medication protocol designed to recruit fewer, but higher quality eggs than standard stimulation.

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NATURAL IVF

An IVF cycle with no medications to retrieve one egg. Not often recommended.

+Natural IVF

FET

The transfer of a previously frozen embryo from an IVF cycle. Often with similar or better success than fresh transfers.

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ESET

The practice of transferring only one embryo. Same success rates, reduced risk to mother and fetuses associated with multiples pregnancies.

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INVOCELL

An IVF fertilization alternative where sperm and egg are placed in a thumb sized medical device and inserted into the vagina for fertilization and early development.

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CONVENTIONAL IVF

Sperm and egg are left in a petri dish after retrieval and collection to fertilize “naturally.” An ICSI alternative.

Reciprocal IVF

An IVF variation for lesbian (or trans men) couples in which embryos made from one partner’s eggs are put into the other partner’s womb.

+Learn more

  • ICSI

    A special fertilization technique whereby sperm are loaded into a micro needle and injected directly into the egg.

    +Learn More

  • MINI IVF

    IVF treatment with a reduced medication protocol designed to recruit fewer, but higher quality eggs than standard stimulation.

    +Learn More

  • NATURAL IVF

    An IVF cycle with no medications to retrieve one egg. Not often recommended.

    +Natural IVF

  • FET

    The transfer of a previously frozen embryo from an IVF cycle. Often with similar or better success than fresh transfers.

    + Learn More

  • ESET

    The practice of transferring only one embryo. Same success rates, reduced risk to mother and fetuses associated with multiples pregnancies.

    + Learn More

  • INVOCELL

    An IVF fertilization alternative where sperm and egg are placed in a thumb sized medical device and inserted into the vagina for fertilization and early development.

    + Learn More

  • CONVENTIONAL IVF

    Sperm and egg are left in a petri dish after retrieval and collection to fertilize “naturally.” An ICSI alternative.

  • Reciprocal IVF

    An IVF variation for lesbian (or trans men) couples in which embryos made from one partner’s eggs are put into the other partner’s womb.

    +Learn more

IVF Treatment Process

In Vitro Fertilization has hundreds of steps, but can be drastically simplified down to just a few.

Treatment Preparation
  • Stimulation

    Stimulation

    Medications are taken to improve number and quality of eggs.

  • Retrieval & Collection

    Retrieval & Collection

    Eggs and Sperm are retrieved and collected.

  • Laboratory

    Laboratory

    Eggs are Fertilized and developed inside our embryology laboratory.

  • Transfer

    Transfer

    Embryo(s) are transfered into a woman’s uterus.

Implantation & Pregnancy support

Continue Below For Detailed Explanation of Main Steps

IVF Process: Step 1

Ovarian Stimulation

  • The first step of IVF treatment is ovarian stimulation. During ovarian stimulation, most women take hormone-based medications that encourage the ovaries to develop multiple follicles, each of which contains an egg. The simple idea here is more follicles = more eggs = more embryos = higher chance of implantation and a live birth.  In fact, many In Vitro Fertilization cycles will result in a handful of embryos that can be frozen and stored for future use (in case the first transfer is unsuccessful or for use after a successful pregnancy).

Ovarian stimulation typically begins on days 2-4 of a woman’s cycle after a baseline appointment to designate your uterine lining, follicular, and hormonal baseline. Stimulation usually involves taking daily injectable medications for around ten days and will be followed closely with monitoring appointments every few days to track uterine lining, follicular, and hormonal development.

Once the egg-containing follicles reach the appropriate size, a final “trigger” medication will be used to promote the final maturation of the eggs.

More on Monitoring

Egg development takes 90 days. In Vitro Fertilization only targets the final developmental phase of egg production taking place in the final 10-14 days. Make sure you’re doing the most to improve the quality of your eggs (and sperm . . . they’re half the battle) for that full 90 days. Egg and sperm quality is one of the major factors impacting IVF success and one of the major things you CAN CHANGE.

IVF Process: Step 2

The Egg Retrieval and Sperm Collection

IVF Process: Step 3

The Laboratory - Fertilization

The third major step of IVF treatment takes place inside the embryology lab. It takes about 4-6 hours after the retrieval for the eggs to reach final maturity.  At this point, the eggs and sperm will be ready for fertilization. There are generally two methods of fertilization.

  • Conventional IVF Fertilization

    Self-employed penetration of the egg by sperm inside a petri dish.

  • ICSI - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

    Individually injected eggs with a micro manipulator and hollow needle.

The Invocell alternative

The Laboratory - Embryo Development

After fertilization, the embryos are grown in nourishing media that mimics the internal environment of a fallopian tube (where early embryonic development naturally occurs) for 3-5 day or until the embryo reaches a cleavage or blastocyst stage.

If an embryo is grown to a blastocyst stage, it can then be genetically tested.  While this may be beneficial for some, it is not recommended for everyone.

Cleavage vs. Blastocyst Genetic Testing
Establishing and Maintaining Pregnancy

Post Transfer Considerations

Following an embryo transfer, most women will likely take progesterone along with other medications to thicken the uterine lining to help the embryo implant and receive the nourishment it needs to flourish. 

About two weeks after transfer, a blood test will be performed to determine if the pregnancy has taken.

If the pregnancy test is positive, an ultrasound will be scheduled two weeks later to determine the implantation site and often detects a heartbeat. The heartbeat should be seen by four weeks after a positive pregnancy test.  Once a heartbeat is detected, there is a 90-95% probability that the pregnancy will continue to a live birth.

Risks of In Vitro Fertilization

In Vitro Fertilization, like most medical procedures come with some risk. That said, most risks that come with the treatment are minimal and can be greatly avoided with proper care by your fertility care team. There are however two risks that everyone should be made especially aware of – but even these can be all but eliminated given proper treatment.

  • Ovarian Hyperstimulation

    The hormone medications (FSH + hCG and or Lupron) given to stimulate the ovaries in the attempt to produce an abnormally high number of eggs during IVF leads to a risk of Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OVHSS). OVHSS is painful and can causes nausea, dizziness, vomiting, and in especially serious cases, hospitalization, organ failure, or worse. The risk is significantly more apparent in specific demographics (young women or those with high AMHs as well as those with PCSO). However, this risk of OVHSS can be substantially reduced with careful monitoring, appropriate protocol dosing, and the use of Lupron (instead of hCG) to trigger. With the close attention given by CNY Fertility providers to the various risk factors, OVHSS can be avoided in most instances.

  • Multiple Gestation

    The risk that IVF results in a multiple gestation pregnancy and birth can rise from 1 to upwards of 30% when transferring multiple embryos. Multiples results in an exponentially greater risk for a number of serious insidences like cerebral palsy, excessive bleeding during delivery, premature birth (and associated cognitive issues) and infant mortality. Fortunately, this risk can be virtually elimintated by transferring one embryo at a time. Transferring one embryo at a time may lower the odds of the first transfer working very slightly, but has no effect on the odds of a live birth resulting from the IVF cycle itself (by using Frozen embryo transfers form the same IVF stimulation).

The Nation Most Affordable IVF

IVF Pricing & Payment Plans

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