In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART). The first successful IVF pregnancy ever was achieved in 1977 (resulting in the birth of Louise Brown in July 1978). In recent years pregnancy outcome rates associated with ART, like IVF, are at an all time high and that persistence is the key. One national press release read “Success of Fertility Treatment May Approach Natural Birth Rate.” This is very encouraging news for couples and individuals encountering fertility challenges.
At CNY Fertility Center, IVF is an outpatient procedure done in our offices. After a patient is given gonadotropins to stimulate her ovaries, the oocytes (eggs) are aspirated, collected in a dish and inseminated.
The insemination may be conventional (adding sperm to the eggs allowing them to fertilize on their own) or via Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) whereby one sperm is directly injected into an egg.
The Processes Involved with IVF are
prevention of premature release of eggs from the ovaries
stimulate development of multiple eggs in the ovaries
The eggs and sperm are either left together in an incubator for about 18 hours, (conventional IVF) or they are inseminated using via ICSI whereby one sperm is directly injected into the egg. They are then checked for fertilization and further development as embryos.
The resulting embryos are placed in the uterus (we refer to this as the embryo transfer). Progesterone is also used to help develop the uterine lining, increase the chances of implantation, assist in establishing pregnancy.