A hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure where a hysteroscopy (a thin telescope-like camera) is inserted through the vagina and cervix into the cavity of the uterus (the endometrial cavity). This miniature camera sends live video to a screen so that the physician can visualize and correct any abnormalities in the uterus.
How does a Hysteroscopy help infertility?
A Hysteroscopy is helpful as it helps visualize and correct any potential defects of the uterine cavity including:
- scar tissue
- A bicornuate uterus, septate uterus, uterine septum
- other uterine problems
If any defects are found, the surgeon can begin an operative hysteroscopy in which these deficits will be cut/removed and cauterized with other surgical instruments.
These abnormalities of the uterus or endometrial cavity can have very real effects on infertility and can be the cause of many such problems including failure to implant and recurrent miscarriage.
A Hysteroscopy is frequently performed simultaneously with a laparoscopy.