Be Informed: Lead, Lipstick & Infertility
There have long been rumors that lipstick contains lead, but since cosmetic producers are not mandated to release the ingredients of their products, this fact remained hidden for many years. Back in 2007, the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics [r1] sent 33 brands of lipstick to an independent lab for testing and found that 61% tested positive for up to 0.65 parts per million of lead. What’s more, they found top selling brands—including one that sold for $24 each—had the highest lead content! They reported their results to FDA and were promised an investigation.
It took the FDA two years and a letter from 3 US Senators to perform a follow up study. They found lead in every brand that they tested[r2] . Some of the brands had four times more lead in them then the Campaign study results. Despite these findings, the FDA did not take any action to protect consumers. More recently, an expanded analysis found lead levels as high as 7.19 ppm. Even more surprising, 5 of the top 10 most heavily contaminated brands were made by just one manufacturer[r3] , Loreal USA. Why aren’t consumers being made aware that something as toxic as lead is being sold in products they apply to their lips several times a day? That’s a difficult question to answer.
Lead Exposure Affects Fertility
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that there is “No safe blood level for lead.” Lead is a neurotoxin. It accumulates in the body, and it can even cross the placenta to harm a developing fetus. That’s why the only effective strategy against heavy metal poisoning is to minimize your risk of lead exposure. The effects of lead are well known and include lower IQ scores, behavioral problems, aggression and learning (especially language) disabilities. More recently, a study demonstrated that high levels of lead can also contribute to infertility. In this study[r4] —conducted by the National Institute of Health—they found that women and men with higher levels of the heavy metals lead and cadmium experienced a nearly 30% reduction in their chance of conceiving. Although their study considered cigarettes to be the primary source of exposure to these toxic metals, their study was completed before the high lead levels in lipstick were revealed.
Be a smart consumer and check out your personal care products and cosmetics before you apply them: http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse/lipstick .